Preventing Age-Related Muscle Loss: Exercise and Nutrition Strategies

Preventing Age-Related Muscle Loss: Exercise and Nutrition Strategies

Age-related muscle loss, also known as sarcopenia, is a natural process that affects everyone as they grow older. It is characterized by a gradual decline in muscle mass, strength, and function, which can lead to frailty, increased risk of falls, and reduced quality of life. However, research has shown that this decline is not solely due to aging but can be significantly influenced by lifestyle factors such as exercise and nutrition. In this article, we will explore the best strategies for preventing age-related muscle loss through exercise and nutrition.

Exercise Strategies:

Image by Barbara Olsen

Resistance Training

Resistance training is the most effective form of exercise for combating neuromuscular aging. It involves working against a force or resistance, such as weights, bands, or body weight, to stimulate muscle growth and increase strength. Resistance training should be performed at least two to three times per week, targeting all major muscle groups.

Progressive Overload

To continue building muscle and strength over time, it is to essential progressively increase the intensity of your workouts. This can be achieved by gradually increasing the weight, number of repetitions, or sets in your resistance training routine.

Functional Training

Incorporating functional exercises (1) into your workout routine can help improve balance, coordination, and overall mobility. These exercises mimic everyday movements and activities, such as squats, lunges, and step-ups, which can help maintain independence and reduce the risk of falls as you age.

Endurance Training

While resistance training is crucial for maintaining muscle mass and strength, endurance training also plays a vital role in overall health and well-being. Activities such as walking, swimming, or cycling can improve cardiovascular health, increase energy levels, and support weight management.

Nutrition Strategies:

Image by Ella Olsson

Adequate Protein Intake

Protein is essential for muscle growth and repair. As you age, your body becomes less efficient at utilizing protein, making it even more critical to consume adequate amounts. Aim for at least 1.2 to 1.5 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight daily, with a focus on high-quality sources such as lean meats, fish, dairy, eggs, and plant-based options like beans and legumes.

Balanced Diet

A well-rounded diet that includes a variety of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and healthy fats is crucial for overall health and well-being. These nutrient-dense foods provide essential minerals, vitamins, and antioxidants that support muscle health and help combat age-related decline.


Staying properly hydrated is essential for maintaining muscle function and overall health. Aim to drink at least eight 8-ounce glasses of water per day, or more if you are physically active or live in a hot climate.


While a balanced diet should provide most of the nutrients needed for optimal muscle health, some individuals may benefit from supplementation (2). Consult with a healthcare professional to determine if such supplements as vitamin D, calcium, or omega-3 fatty acids may be appropriate for your needs.

Image by Polina Tankilevitch


Preventing age-related muscle loss is possible through a combination of targeted exercise and proper nutrition. By incorporating resistance training, functional exercises, and endurance activities into your routine, along a with balanced diet rich in protein and other essential nutrients, you can maintain muscle strength, improve overall health, and enjoy a higher quality of life as you age.

No items found.